Friday, April 16, 2010

Black violence is linked to Latino immigration

From American Renaissance:

LSU Sociology Professor Edward Shihadeh and Ph.D. candidate Raymond Barranco have published a study titled “Latino Employment and Black Violence: The Unintended Consequence of U.S. Immigration Policy,” in the March 2010 issue of Social Forces, the field’s preeminent journal.
The study confirms that Latino immigration and dominance of low skill jobs have displaced blacks from low-skill labor markets, which in turn led to more violence in urban black communities. According to their analysis, this is traceable to U.S. immigration policies over the last several decades.
Before the United States/Mexico border was militarized, Latino immigration was a two-way trip; immigrants, mainly from Central America, moved to the United States temporarily to finance a project in their home country. But in response to U.S. public pressure, border security was intensified. Tall fences were built, cameras installed and the border was patrolled relentlessly by well-armed guards. As a result, Latino immigrants in the United States stopped returning home for fear that they could not repeat the trip. This increased the number of Latino workers in the United States competing for jobs in agriculture, manufacturing and construction. Blacks lost that competition in many cities, and where that occurred, murder rates went up.
“{snip} We do not advocate restricting the flow of Latino migrants in either direction. This is what triggered the flow of events in the first place. There is no reason to deprive this country of the rich contributions made by Latinos. Our study simply describes how immigration policy opened a new chapter in the history of the U.S. labor market and how that harmed black communities,” [said Shihadeh].


agnostic said...

That sounds odd since the homicide rate has been plummeting for almost 20 years in all areas, including heavy illegal immigration areas like L.A.

Maybe they mean that the downward trend slowed down?

Ron Guhname said...

I took a quick look at the study. It's a cross-sectional analysis of 191 cities in 2000. Percent Latino is a proxy of illegal immigration. Its effect on black homicide rates disappears when a measure of Latino dominance of low-skill jobs is entered. So places with lots of Latinos are supposed to have more low-end black unemployment which drives up black homicide. It's based on William Julius Wilson's contention that most black problems are due to loss of manufacturing jobs and joblessness.