Friday, March 19, 2010

Blacks less likely to appraise events as caused by oneself

This study finds that Africans are less likely to appraise events as caused by oneself--a pattern shown by black Americans as well.

Do respondents in different cultures appraise emotion-antecedent events [events that led to a particular emotional reaction] differently? Are similar appraisal profiles associated with the same emotions across cultures? These questions were studied for 7 emotions in 37 countries. Results show rather high convergence across geopolitical regions with respect to emotion specific profiles, suggesting universality of the appraisal mechanism. Empirical profiles corresponded in large measure to theoretical predictions. There were sizable differences between geopolitical regions with respect to general appraisal tendencies. Respondents in Africa tended to appraise events as more immoral, more unfair or unjust, and more externally caused. Respondents in Latin America tended to appraise emotion-antecedent events as less immoral than those in other regions.

(Scherer, K. (1997). The Role of Culture in Emotion-Antecedent Appraisal. Journal of Personality & Social Psychology, 73(5), 902-922.)

Black-white differences in glaucoma

Glaucoma is a progressive condition caused by a combination of genetic and environmental factors and is the leading cause of irreversible bl...